Group Proposal: Hybrid Group for Direct Support Staff Working with Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abigail Christine Nash

Abstract


 

The purpose of this paper is to explore the many challenges that face direct support staff that work with individuals with autism spectrum disorder and provide a comprehensive outline for a combined psychoeducational and process group, which addresses the needs of this population. The overarching goals of the group are to decrease staff stress and burnout and improve client quality of care overall. A 10-week agenda with resources and handouts as well as guidelines for ethical, cultural and group selection concerns are provided and ready to be implemented with this population.

 

Keywords: direct support staff, autism spectrum disorder, stress, burnout, client care, group therapy

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only

References


References

AGPA. (2002). AGPA and IBCGP guidelines for ethics. Retrieved from http://www.agpa.org/home/practice-resources/ethics-in-group-therapy

Alkurhah. (2015). Sensory overload [Video]. YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2P4Ed6G3gw

American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Autism spectrum disorder. American Psychiatric Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Autism%20Spectrum%20Disorder%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

ANCOR. (2010). 2009 Direct support professionals wage study. Retrieved from http://www.ancor.org/sites/default/files/pdf/ancor_wage_data_summary_2009.pdf

Andreula, T. J. (2013). Burnout in mental health professionals. Retrieved from https://pro.psychcentral.com/burnout-in-mental-health-professionals/00771.html

Bond, C., & Hebron, J. (2016). Developing mainstream resource provision for pupils with autism spectrum disorder: Staff perceptions and satisfaction. European Journal Of Special Needs Education, 31(2), 250-263. doi:10.1080/08856257.2016.1141543

Bressert, S. (2016a). Autism spectrum disorder symptoms. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/disorders/autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms/

Bressert, S. (2016b). The impact of stress. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/lib/the-impact-of-stress/

CSHS. (2017). Trick your stress: Coping strategies. Retrieved from http://www.humanstress.ca/stress/trick-your-stress/steps-to-instant-stress-management.html

Deshmukh, I. (2017). Greatly amusing group therapy activities for adults. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/group-therapy-activities-for-adults.html

Gass, M., & Dobkin, C. (1991). Book of metaphors: A descriptive presentation of metaphors for adventure activities.

Jones, D., Monsen, J., & Franey, J. (2013). Using the Staff Sharing Scheme to support school staff in managing challenging behaviour more effectively. Educational Psychology In Practice, 29(3), 258-277. doi:10.1080/02667363.2013.820173

Jussab, F., & Murphy, H. (2015). 'I just can’t, I am frightened for my safety, I don’t know how to work with her': Practitioners’ experiences of client violence and recommendations for future practice. Professional Psychology: Research And Practice, 46(4), 287-297. doi:10.1037/pro0000035

Kozak, A., Kersten, M., Schillmöller, Z., & Nienhaus, A. (2013). Psychosocial work-related predictors and consequences of personal burnout among staff working with people with intellectual disabilities. Research In Developmental Disabilities, 34(1), 102-115. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2012.07.021

Lanza, M. L., Schmidt, S., McMillan, F., Demaio, J., & Forester, L. (2011). Support our Staff—A unique program to help deal with patient assault. Perspectives In Psychiatric Care, 47(3), 131-137. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6163.2010.00282.x

Ling, C. M., & Mak, W. S. (2012). Coping with challenging behaviours of children with autism: Effectiveness of brief training workshop for frontline staff in special education settings. Journal Of Intellectual Disability Research, 56(3), 258-269. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2011.01469.x

Lundström, M., Graneheim, U. H., Eisemann, M., Richter, J., & Åström, S. (2007). Personality impact on experiences of strain among staff exposed to violence in care of people with intellectual disabilities. Journal Of Policy And Practice In Intellectual Disabilities, 4(1), 30-39. doi:10.1111/j.1741-1130.2006.00095.x

McClintock, K., Hall, S., & Oliver, C. (2003). Risk markers associated with challenging behaviours in people with intellectual disabilities: A meta-analytic study. Journal Of Intellectual Disability Research, 47(6), 405-416. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2788.2003.00517.x

McConachie, D. J., McKenzie, K., Morris, P. G., & Walley, R. M. (2014). Acceptance and mindfulness-based stress management for support staff caring for individuals with intellectual disabilities. Research In Developmental Disabilities, 35(6), 1216-1227. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2014.03.005

McDonnell, A., Sturmey, P., Oliver, C., Cunningham, J., Hayes, S., Galvin, M., & Cunningham, C. (2008). The effects of staff training on staff confidence and challenging behavior in services for people with autism spectrum disorders. Research In Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2(2), 311-319. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2007.08.001

Mertz, M. (2014). The circle: A narrative group therapy approach. The International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work, 3(1), 41-53.

Murphy, D., & McMorrow, K. (2015). View of autism spectrum conditions held by staff working within a high secure psychiatric hospital. Journal of Forensic Practice, 17(3), 231-240. doi:10.1108/JFP-01-2015-0005

Pacheco, I. (2011). Making a self-care plan for you and your clients. Retrieved from http://socialworktech.com/2011/05/25/making-a-self-care-plan/

PRMS. (2014). Patient violence against clinicians: Managing the risk. Retrieved from http://alabamapsych.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/1Patient-violence-against-clinicians.pdf

PubMed Health. (2017). Depression: What is burnout?. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0072470/

Rose, J., Madurai, T., Thomas, K., Duffy, B., & Oyebode, J. (2010). Reciprocity and burnout in direct care staff. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 17(6), 455-462. doi:10.1002/cpp.688

Sherman, A. (2016). How to defeat poor coping skills and self destructive behaviors. Retrieved from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/dysfunction/2016/11/how-to-defeat-poor-coping-skills-and-self-destructive-behaviors/

Stapleton, R., Young, A., & Senstock, T. (2016). Coping styles and secondary traumatic stress in direct care staff working in residential treatment centers. Journal of Therapeutic Schools and Programs, 8(1), 77-86. doi:10.19157/JTSP.issue.08.01.09

Terry, L. (2011). Semi-structured termination exercises: A compilation from the groups in college counseling centers listserv. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-49/publications/newsletter/group-psychologist/2011/04/termination-exercises.aspx

Therapist Aid. (2017). Stress management tips. Retrieved from http://www.therapistaid.com/worksheets/stress-management-tips.pdf

UCLA Health. (2017). Free guided meditations. Retrieved form http://marc.ucla.edu/mindful-meditations

UWosh. (2000). Employee assistance program: Confidentiality. Retrieved from http://www.uwosh.edu/eap/confidentiality

Van Dijk, S. (2012). DBT made simple: A step-by-step guide to Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1921/gpwk.v27i2.1027

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Groupwork