Group work and social enterprise: using group members’ skills for social and economic development

Reineth Christina Prinsloo

Abstract


Poverty is a major issue of concern worldwide and rife in South Africa. Minority groups such as women suffer the most and often have little or no access to opportunities for employment. Social workers have an obligation toward social and economic justice. Although small social enterprises cannot get rid of poverty, it can provide a pathway to address several challenges thereof. This article provides a discussion of a case study from South Africa where a group work project assisted in developing and expanding a social enterprise to combine social and economic development. Group work with its aim of support, growth, mutual aid and cohesion provides an ideal medium to identify, enhance and use the skills and capacities of group members to manage their challenges, and in the process, to enhance their sense of self-worth. It is recommended that social workers need knowledge and skills of entrepreneurship to facilitate the development of sustainable social enterprises. However, multi-stakeholder involvement can assist in the aim of such ventures to work towards sustainability. In this discussion of a case study, and with a strength perspective as foundation, three groups of unemployed individuals were formed that made conference bags and key rings while discussing life issues. Using meso skills can bridge the divide to address macro issues.


Full Text:

 Subscribers Only

References


Bertotti, M., Harden, A., Renton, A. and Sheridan, K. (2012) The contribution of a social enterprise to the building of social capital in a disadvantaged urban area of London. Community Development Journal, 47, 2, 168–183

Birkland, T. A. (2005) An Introduction to the Policy Process: Theories, concepts and models of public policy making (2nd ed.). Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe

Black, R., King, R. and Tiemoko, R. (2003) Migration, return and small enterprise development in Ghana: A route out of poverty? In International Workshop on Migration and Poverty in West Africa, University of Sussex, United Kingdom (Vol. 13)

Borzaga, C. and Galera, G. (2012) The concept and practice of social enterprise. Lessons from the Italian experience. International Review of Social Research, 2, 2, 95-112

Brower, H. H. (2011) Sustainable development through service-learning: A pedagogical framework and case example in a third world context. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 10, 1, 58-76

Brown, M. D. (2015) Tendering for a social cause: Universities and social enterprise. Social Alternatives, 34, 2, 27-32

Butterfield, A., Kebede, W. and Gessesse, A. (2009) Research as a catalyst for asset-based community development: Assessing the skills of poor women in Ethiopia. Social Development Issues: Alternative Approaches to Global Human Needs, 31, 2, 1-14

Chibba, M. and Luiz, J. M. (2011) Poverty, inequality and unemployment in South Africa: Context, issues and the way forward, Economic Papers, 30, 3, 307-315

Doel, M. (2006) Using Groupwork. New York, USA: Routledge

Drake, R. F. (2001) The Principles of Social Policy. New York: Palgrave

Ebenezer, M. and Abbyssinia, M. (2018) Livelihood diversification and its effect on household poverty in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Journal of Developing Areas, 52, 1, 235–249 [Accessed 7 May 2019 at doi: 10.1353/jda.2018.0014]

Fisher, L., Browne, S. and Kohutiak, B. (2014) Gather the Women. Groupwork, 24, 1, 42-59

Francis, J., Dube, B., Mokganyetji, T. and Chitapa, T. (2010) University-rural community partnership for people-centred development: Experiences from Makhado Municipality, Limpopo Province. South African Journal of Higher Education, 24, 3, 357-373

Goodman, L., Majee, W. and Adams, J. R. (2018) Building community leaders in underserved communities: An exploration of the role of seed-funding for community projects by program graduates, Journal of Community Practice, 26, 3, 358-376

Govender, J. (2016) Social justice in South Africa. Justiça social na África do Sul. Civitas, Porto Alegre, 16, 2, 237-258

Green, C. J., Kirkpatrick, C. H. and Murinde, V. (2006) Finance for small enterprise growth and poverty reduction in developing countries. Journal of International Development, 18, 1017-1030

Helmsing, A. J. (2015) Conditions for social entrepreneurship. International Journal of Social Quality, 5, 1, 51-66

Hoefer, R. A. and Sliva, S. M. (2016) Social enterprise in higher education: a viable venture? Journal of Social Work Education, 52, 4, 422-433

Jacobs, E. E., Schimmel, C. J., Masson, R.L. and Harvill, R.L. (2016) Group counselling: strategies and skills (8th ed.). Boston, USA: Cengage

Khumalo, P. (2013) The dynamics of poverty and poverty alleviation in South Africa. Gender & Behaviour, 11, 2, 5643-5652 [Accessed 7 May 2019 at http://web.a.ebscohost.com.uplib.idm.oclc.org/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=9&sid=fa7a5506-d29a-4dd4-8785-40712a3a659f%40sessionmgr4009]

Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2013) Introduction to Social Work & Social Welfare. Critical thinking perspectives. (4th ed.). Belmont, California: Wadsworth

Koloba, H. A. (2017) Is entrepreneurial orientation a predictor of entrepreneurial activity? Gender comparisons among Generation Y students in South Africa, Gender & Behaviour, 15, 1, 8265–8283 [Accessed on 9 May 2019 at http://search.ebscohost.com.uplib.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=124471052&site=ehost-live&scope=site]

Linton, K. F. (2013) Developing a social enterprise as a social worker, Administration in Social Work, 37, 5, 458-470

Magidimisha, H. H. and Gordon, S. (2015) Profiling South African gender inequality in informal self-employment. Journal of Gender Studies, 24, 3, 275–292 [Accessed on 6 May 2019 at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2013.841569]

Malekoff, A. (2014) Group Work with Adolescents: principles and practice (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press

Midgley, J. (2010) Community practice and developmental social work. In Midgley, J. & Conley, A. (Eds.), Social Work and Social Development: Theories and skills for developmental social work (pp. 3-28). New York, N.Y: Oxford University Press

Miley, K. K., O’Melia, M. and DuBois, B. (2009) Generalist Social Work Practice. An empowering approach (6th ed.). Boston, MA, Pearson Education

Nandan, M., London, M. and Bent-Goodley, T. (2015) Social Workers as Social Change Agents: Social innovation, social intrapreneurship, and social entrepreneurship, Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 39, 1, 38-56

Nandan, M. and Scott, P. A. (2013) Social entrepreneurship and social work: the need for a transdisciplinary educational model. Administration in Social Work, 37, 3, 257-271

Okech, D., Howard, W. J., Mauldin, T., Mimura, Y. and Kim, J. (2012) The effects of economic pressure on the resilience and strengths of individuals living in extreme poverty. Journal of Poverty, 16, 429-446

Oluwatayo, I. B. and Ojo, A. O. (2018) Walking through a tightrope: The challenge of economic growth and poverty in Africa. Journal of Developing Areas, 52, 1, 59-69 [Accessed on 8 May 2019 at doi: 10.1353/jda.2018.0004]

Paulsen, M. A. (2012) Integrating social entrepreneurship with service and experiential learning: A case study at the University of Notre Dame, Journal of College and Character, 13, 4, 1-8

Pulla, V. (2012) What are strengths-based practices all about? In V. Pulla, L. Chenoweth, A. Francis, & S. Bakai (Eds.), Papers in Strengths Based Practice. (pp. 51-68). New Delhi: Allied Publishers

Rambe, P. and Mosweunyane, L. (2017) A poverty-reduction oriented perspective to small business development in South Africa: A human capabilities approach, African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation & Development, 9, 3, 289-302 [Accessed on 9 May 2019 at doi: 10.1080/20421338.2017.1322749]

Rapatsa, M. (2015) Poverty: A socio-economic threat to sustainable development as envisioned by South Africa’s transformative regime. EuroEconomica, 2, 34, 41-48

Saleebey, D. (2013) Introduction: Power in the people. In D. Saleebey (Ed.), The Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice (6th ed.). (pp. 1-24). Boston, MA: Pearson-Allyn & Bacon

Schenck, R. and Blaauw, D. (2018) Dagloners: ʼn Gevallestudie van die kwesbaarheid van die maatskaplike bestel en samehorigheid in Suid-Afrika se informele ekonomie. Day labourers: A case study of the vulnerability of the social fabric and cohesion in South Africa’s informal economy. Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe, 58, 1: 36-55 [Accessed on 9 May 2019 at doi.10.17159/2224-7912/2018/v58n1a3]

Segal, E. A., Gerdes, K. E. and Steiner, S. (2019) An Introduction to the Profession of Social Work. Becoming a change agent. (6th ed.). Boston, USA: Cengage

Sherraden, M., Laux, S. and Kaufman, C. (2007) Financial education for social workers. Journal of Community Practice, 15, 3, 9-36

Smith, B. D., Marshall Jr., I., Anderson, B. E. and Daniels, K. K. (2017) A partnership forged: BSW students and service learning at a historically Black college and university (HBCU) serving urban communities, Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 27, 5, 438-449

Tekula, R., Shah, A. and Jhamb, J. (2015) Universities as intermediaries: Impact investing and social entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings. 26, 1, 35-52

Toseland, R. W. and Rivas, R. F. (2012) An Introduction to Group Work Practice (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon

Vungkhanching, M. and Black, M. A. (2012) Social work graduate students' perceived knowledge of social entrepreneurship and sustainable development in human services: An evaluation of enhanced instruction. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 6, 11, 35-51

Weyers, M. (2011). The Theory and Practice of Community Work: A Southern African perspective (2nd ed.). Potchefstroom, South Africa: Keurkopie

Zastrow, C. H. (2012) Social Work with Groups: A comprehensive worktext (8th ed.). Belmont: CA: Brooks/Cole

Zastrow, C. H. (2017) Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare. Empowering people (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1921/gpwk.v28i2.1280

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Groupwork