A study on Validating learning style questionnaire LSQ by measuring students learning style in Asian context
Learning Style Questionnaire (LSQ) is most widely used tool for assessing learning style, but there are very little empirical evidences available, addressing its psychometric properties. The present study is an attempt to infuse this disparity by using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA).The outcome of the study and its discussion is also given for managerial and academic implications.
Bandura, A. (1986),”Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory”, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Bentler, P. M. (1989).EQS structural equations program manual. Los Angeles: BMDP Statistical Software.
Bentler, P. M.(1990).”Comparative fit indexes in structural models”,Psychological Bulletin,Vol. 107, No.2,pp. 238-246.
Cassidy,Simon.(2004),”Learning Styles: An overview of theories, models, and measures”, Educational Psychology, Vol.24,No.4, pp.419-444.
Chan, Simon, C.H., &Mak,Wai‐ming.(2010) "The use of Learning Styles Questionnaire in Macao", Industrial and Commercial Training, Vol. 42 Iss: 1, pp.41 – 46.
Cockerton,T., Naz,R., Sheppard,S.,(2002),” Factorial Validity And Internal Reliability Of Honey And Mumford's Learning Styles Questionnaire”, Psychological Repo,Vol.91,pp-503-519.
Coffield, F., Moseley, D., Hall, E., & Ecclestone, K. (2004).” Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning; A systematic and critical review”, Learning and Skills ResearchCentre.
Cornwell,J.M.,Manfredo,P.A., & Dunlap,W.P.(1991),”Factor analysis of the 1985 revision of Kolb's Learning Style Inventory”,Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 51,pp.455-462.
Duff, A., & Duffy, T. (2002).” Psychometric properties of Honey & Mumford Learning Styles Questionnaire”, Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.33,pp.147–163.
Duff,A.(2010),”A Note on psychometric properties of the Learning Style Questionnaire(LSQ),Accounting Education,Vo1.10,No.2,pp.185-197.
Fry,H ., Ketteridge,S., & Marshall, S.(1999),”A handbook of teaching and learning in higher educatiotn: enhancing academic practice”. London: Kogan Page.
Fung,Y.H., Ho, A. S. P., & Kwan, K. P. (1993),” Reliability and validity of the Learning Styles Questionnaire”. British Joournal of Educational Technology, Vol.24,No.1,pp. 12-21.
Furnham, A.(1996),” The FIRO-B, the Learning Style Questionnaire, and the Five-Factor Model”, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality,Vol.11,No.2.pp.285.
Furnham, A.,Jackson, C.,& Miller, T. (1999). Personality, learning style and work performance. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.27, No.6,pp. 1113-1122.s
Geiger,M.A., Boyle,E.J., & Pinto,J.(1992),”A factor analysis of Kolb's revised Learning
Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., & Anderson, R.E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis. Seventh Edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
Honey,P.,& Mumford,A.(1986),”The manual of leanzing styles”. (2nd ed.) Maidenhead, Berkshire,UK: Peter Honey.
Houwer,Jan,De.,Holmes,Dermot,B.,&Moors,Anes.(2013),”What is learning?On the nature and merits of a functional definition of learning”,Psychon Bull Rev.
Joreskog, K.G., & Sorbom, D. (1986).LISREL VI: Analysis of linear structural relationships by maximum likelihood, instrumental variables, and least squares methods (4th ed.). Uppsula, Sweden: University of Uppsula Department of Statistics.
Kappe,F.R., Boekholt,L., Rooyen,C.den.,& Flier,H.Van, der.(2009),” A predictive validity study of the Learning Style Questionnaire (LSQ) using multiple, specific learning criteria”, Learning and Individual Differences ,Vol.19,pp.464-467.
Kolb, D. A. (1984).” Experiential Learning: Experience as the source of learning and Development”. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Mumford ,Alan.(1987), "Helping Managers Learn to Learn: Using Learning Styles and Learning Biography", Journal of Management Development,Vol.6,No.5,pp.49 – 60.
Mumford, A. (1995), ‘‘Putting learning styles to work: an integrated approach’’, Industrial and Commercial Training, Vol. 27 No. 8, pp. 28-35.
Mumford,Alan.(1993), "Putting Learning Styles to Work: An Integrated Approach", Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 17,No.10.s
Rodwell, John .(2005),” The assessment of formal management development : a method, a baseline and the need to incorporate learning styles”,Journal of management development, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 239-252.
Shaw ,G., & Marlow,N.(1999),” The role of student learning styles, gender, attitudes and perceptions of information and communication technology assisted learning”,Computers & Education,Vol.33,No.4,pp.s 223-234.
Smith ,E.,Sadler. (2001),”Does the Learning Styles Questionnaire Measure Style or Process? A Reply to Swailes and Senior (1999)”, International Journal of Selection and Assessment,Vol.9,pp. 207–214.
Smith,Eugene, Sadler.(1996),"Learning styles: a holistic approach ", Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 20 Iss 7,pp. 29 – 36.
Steiger, J. H. and Lind, J. (1980),”Statistically-based tests for the number of common factors”. Paper presented at the Annual Spring Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City.
Style Inventory”. Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol.46,pp.81-87.
Swailes, S. and Senior, B. (1999), “The Dimensionality of Honey and Mumford’s Learning Styles Questionnaire”,International Journal of Selection and Assessment,Vol.7,pp.1–11.
Thelen, H. (1954) Dynamics of Groups at Work. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Wilcoxson,L., &Prosser,M.(1996),”Kolb's Learning St le Inventory (1985): review and further study of validity and reliability”, Briiish ]oirrna!of Edzrcational Psychology, 66, 247- 757.
Yahya,I.(1998).” Wilcoxson and Prosser's factor analyses on Kolb's (1985) Learnin Style Inventory data: reflections and re-analyses”,Britlsh Jorrrnal of Educational Psychology, 68,281-286.
Zwanenberg, N., Wilkinson, L. J., & Anderson, A. (2000),” Felder and Silverman’s index of learning styles and Honey and Mumford’s learning styles questionnaire: How do they compare and do they predict academic performance?” Educational Psychology, Vol.20.No.3,pp.s 365–380.